Education, Uncategorized

Who’s on the Bitcoin Rich List?

Bitcoin, the world’s first cryptocurrency, has been making headlines for years. Despite the volatility and controversy surrounding it, Bitcoin has attracted a lot of attention from investors and enthusiasts alike.

As Bitcoin continues to gain more mainstream acceptance, it’s worth taking a look at who the biggest players in the Bitcoin world are. Or as some people call the biggest players, “whales.” Here is an overview of the richest people, countries, companies, and institutions in terms of the amount of bitcoin they own.

Richest People in Bitcoin

  • Satoshi Nakamoto – The mysterious creator of Bitcoin, who has never been identified, is estimated to have around 1 million bitcoins. At today’s market value, that puts his net worth at over US$24.4 billion.
  • Barry Silbert – Founder and CEO of Digital Currency Group, Barry Silbert is a prominent figure in the world of cryptocurrency. It is unknown how much he personally owns, but his digital currency investing firm, Greyscale, holds plenty which we will get to later in this article.
  • The Winklevoss Twins – Famous for their legal battle with Mark Zuckerberg over the ownership of Facebook, the Winklevoss twins are also major players in the Bitcoin world, They are the founders of the cryptocurrency exchange, Gemini and reportedly own around 100,000 bitcoins, worth over $2.4 billion.

  • Michael Saylor – CEO of business intelligence firm MicroStrategy, Michael Saylor is known for his bullish outlook on Bitcoin. He has invested heavily in the cryptocurrency and reportedly owns 17,732 bitcoins, worth over $432 million.

  • Chamath Palihapitiya – A former Facebook executive and founder of Social Capital, Palihapitiya has been an outspoken advocate for Bitcoin. He reportedly owns around 26,000 bitcoins, worth over $630 million.

Richest Countries in Bitcoin

  • El Salvador – In September 2021, El Salvador became the first country in the world to adopt Bitcoin as legal tender. The country has purchased over 2,381 bitcoins so far, worth over $58 million.

  • Bulgaria – The Bulgarian government seized over 200,000 bitcoins from a criminal organization in 2017. The bitcoins are currently worth over $4.8 billion.
  • The United States – The US government has seized a significant amount of bitcoins in various criminal investigations. It’s unclear exactly how much the government owns, but estimates range from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of bitcoins.

Richest Companies in Bitcoin

  • Tesla – In February 2021, Tesla announced that it had purchased $1.5 billion worth of Bitcoin. The company also indicated that it may purchase additional bitcoins in the future.
  • MicroStrategy – As mentioned earlier, MicroStrategy CEO Michael Saylor is a major Bitcoin bull. The company has invested heavily in Bitcoin and currently owns over 130,000 bitcoins, worth over $3.1 billion.
  • Square – In October 2020, Square announced that it had purchased $50 million worth of Bitcoin. The company’s CEO, Jack Dorsey, is a well-known Bitcoin enthusiast.

Richest Insitutions in Bitcoin

  • Grayscale Bitcoin Trust – Grayscale is a digital currency asset management firm that allows investors to gain exposure to Bitcoin through a trust. The Grayscale Bitcoin Trust currently holds over 630,000 bitcoins, worth over $15 billion.
The Grayscale booth at the Exchange ETF Conference in Miami Beach, Florida, U.S., on Wednesday, April 13, 2022. Photographer: Eva Marie Uzcategui/Bloomberg
  • Binance – Binance is the largest cryptocurrency exchange in the world by trading volume. The company holds a significant amount of Bitcoin on behalf of its users, although the exact amount is not publicly known. As of November, Binance holds $74.7 billion worth of crypto in its reserves and approximately 40% are its own tokens.
  • Fidelity Investments – Fidelity is one of the largest asset managers in the world. The company has been exploring the potential of Bitcoin and blockchain technology and has reportedly invested in Bitcoin mining companies.

*All prices are represented in US dollars.

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Are Bitcoin and the Stock Market Correlated?

Since bitcoin’s inception in 2009 to the late 2010s, it has shown a lack of correlation to the broader stock markets. Because of this, bitcoin proved to be an asset class for investors that remained largely independent of broader markets.

However, with an increase in awareness from retail and institutional investors, beginning largely in 2017 when BTC pushed through the USD$10,000 threshold, its independence has waned.

Increasing Interest Rates

For most of the last twelve months, bitcoin has been fighting the same downward pressure that’s been impacting both the stock and bond markets. Major central banks around the globe have been on a quest to tighten monetary policy in a battle to tame inflation down to a target of two percent.

Trailing twelve months comparison between bitcoin and the S&P 500 measured by percentage change. (Source: Yahoo!Finance).

“The price of bitcoin is maintaining the $19,000 level, but with the FOMC’s minutes and CPI ahead this week, the market will likely refrain from taking risks, which in turn will likely put pressure on bitcoin,” said Yuya Hasegawa, crypto market analyst at Bitban.


Rolling 90-business-day return correlation between BTC and stock indexes. Image note: Returns of bitcoin are represented by the Fidelity Bitcoin Index, U.S. equities by the S&P 500 Index, and U.S. growth equities by the NASDAQ Composite Index. All returns are in base currency (US$) and gross of fees. (Source: Fidelity Investments).

Macroeconomic factors continued to play an important role in driving the prices of cryptocurrencies, as well as other risk assets. Throughout the third quarter, the correlation of bitcoin with major stock indexes remained high, at over 60%.

For added context, a correlation above 50% is considered moderately strong and above 70% is very strong, while correlations between 30% and -30% are very weak. A value of 100% or 1 means that movements between bitcoin and the broader markets are perfectly synchronized.

With rising interest rates, investors wanting to de-risk their portfolios have weighed on bitcoin’s price as reflected in a rather underwhelming yearly performance of negative 37% as of January 31, 2023.

Some examples provided by Fidelity Investments of bitcoin’s price following macroeconomic announcements in 2022:

  • July 27: BTC increased by over 8% following the announcement by the Federal Reserve that it was raising interest rates by 75 basis points.
  • August 10: July U.S. CPI inflation came in below expectations at 8.5% (compared with 8.7% expected). BTC climbed 4% in the hours following the release of the CPI before slowing later in the day.
  • August 19: BTC plunged nearly 10%, falling in sync with traditional markets amid renewed fears that the Fed and other central banks will have to get more aggressive in fighting inflation. The decline started with unexpectedly high inflation data in Germany.
  • August 26: BTC dropped after Fed Chair Jerome Powell doubled down on restrictive monetary policy at the Fed’s Jackson Hole economic symposium.
  • September 13: BTC fell on the release of August U.S. CPI data, which showed an unexpectedly high 8.3% increase in prices (compared to 8.1% expected).

With its widespread adoption, it is clear that bitcoin is no longer on the fringe of the financial system. Tensions between Russia and the West over the Ukraine war could continue to roil markets, from energy prices to foreign exchange. Bitcoin’s tighter correlation with broad markets means it will not be immune.

Conotoxia Senior Market Analyst Daniel Kostecki gave his opinion on this correlation to CoinDesk last year.

“It is what is happening in the arena of international relations that seems to be the main driver of the markets for both stocks and cryptocurrencies,” he said.

2023 Bump

As of January 31, 2023, the YTD of bitcoin is up approximately 39%, while the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite are up 5.9% and up 10.8% respectively.

Analysts say that there is a multitude of factors behind bitcoin’s new rise in 2023, including the probability that interest rates will be lowered in the coming months, easing of short-term inflation, as well as massive purchases by large buyers, otherwise known as “whales.”

The U.S. dollar has also lowered, with the greenback down 8.5% in the last three months in terms of its strength against a basket of other notable currencies, such as the Euro, Pound and Yen.

If this is the case, bitcoin continues to show a coupling with macroeconomic indicators, despite showing less correlation with stock markets.

As bitcoin’s adoption continues to increase along with the development of applications built on top of the blockchain it is likely we would see a decoupling between the cryptocurrency and stock markets in the future.

“We expect them to not be as highly correlated going forward,” Ben McMillan, CIO of IDX Digital Assets said. “But I do think a positive correlation between bitcoin and risk assets, in particular things like technology stocks, is here to stay.”

That said, bitcoin is still a relatively new asset class when compared to its counterparts, like bonds, stocks and gold. Its relationship with them and macroeconomics will be closely watched.

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What Will Happen to Crypto in 2023?

2022 was a tumultuous year for the crypto industry. Crypto markets have fallen over 50% since their peak in 2021, while stock markets and bond markets globally have fallen in double digits.

Terra (LUNA)

The Terra ($LUNA) crypto token crashed from $120 to $0.002, a 99.9% correction between May 11 to May 12. Along with LUNA, the TerraUSD ($UST) stablecoin endured a significant crash from $1 to $0.30. The Terra blockchain was a platform created to peg stablecoins to fiat money, initially founded by 31-year-old South Korean Do Kwon. 

Combined, $LUNA and $UST had a market capitalization of roughly $50 billion, and the reasoning behind the crash is still unconfirmed. Interpol issued an arrest warrant for Kwan but was recently thrown out by a South Korean judge.

Three Arrows Capital

In June, Three Arrows Capital, a Singapore-based cryptocurrency hedge fund failed to meet its margin calls and repay the money lent from cryptocurrency broker Voyager Digital. The hedge fund subsequently filed for Chapter 15 bankruptcy in the United States. Not surprisingly, Voyager Digital declared bankruptcy the following month.


Arguably the biggest crypto story of the year was the fallout of FTX, one of the world’s largest crypto exchanges and custodians led by founder Sam Bankman-Fried, also known as ‘SBF.’ 

At the moment, SBF has pleaded not guilty in New York federal court to eight charges related to the collapse of FTX and hedge fund Alameda Research. He is facing charges of conspiracy to commit wire fraud and securities fraud, individual charges of securities and wire fraud, money laundering and conspiracy to avoid campaign finance regulations. In total, SBF is facing 115 years in prison.

In sum, FTX was once valued as a $32 billion company that used QuickBooks for its accounting methods, freely transferred client funds back and forth between FTX subsidiaries and Alameda Research and spent millions of dollars donating to U.S. Democratic politicians and even shadow donations to Republican politicians. FTX filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the U.S. in November.

At this time, it appears FTX will be remembered as one of the biggest financial frauds in history. Depending on the total amount of money and crypto that bankruptcy auditors uncover, it will likely rank as the second largest financial fraud, right behind Enron.

Scams in 2023?

2023 has only just begun, and we are already hearing rumblings about further scams and potential defaults.

Logan Paul and CryptoZoo

Uncovered by a leading investigative journalist in the financial industry, Coffeezilla has put forward information that could incriminate famous YouTuber Logan Paul on his crypto game titled CryptoZoo.


      This may shock most of our readers, but those in the industry wonder if Binance is financially stable after the FTX collapse. Largely, Binance has never revealed its liabilities and in fact, Binance CEO, Changpeng Zhao (also known as ‘CZ’) has indicated that the big four auditors have difficulties auditing crypto firms.

      “Many of them don’t even know how to audit crypto exchanges” – CZ, December 2022 

      Binance originally invested as a shareholder in FTX in 2019 and exited while receiving $2.1 billion in its own stablecoin ($BUSD) and in $FTT (FTX Tokens) as part of the deal. Now if Binance is forced to claw that back to FTX creditors, one wonders if Binance can remain afloat.

      What Will Happen to Crypto in 2023?

      With 2022 behind us, let’s throw out some of our predictions on what will happen to crypto and Bitcoin in 2023.

      1) Bitcoin Sees Positive Returns

      Often regarded as a hedge against inflation, we were able to put Bitcoin to the test with elevated inflation levels across the globe in 2022. As it turns out, Bitcoin’s return performed worse than U.S. stock markets. That said, Bitcoin’s network and decentralized nature have remained strong throughout a tough 2022. Crypto’s reputation was dented by the crises and scandals, but the salability and strength of its network have cemented itself as here to stay for the long run.

      Even Cathie Wood, the CEO of ARK Invest who posted a 150% return on her ARK Innovation ETF in 2020, believes that Bitcoin’s price is still on pace for US$1,000,000 by 2030.

      Bitcoin’s price chart since 2013. (Source:
      2) Global Bitcoin Adoption

      Currently El Salvador and the Central African Republic (CAR) are the only nations in the world where Bitcoin acts as legal currency. That will change in 2023 with likely candidates Saint Kitts and Nevis, Venezuela and Paraguay. In November 2022, Terrance Drew, the Prime Minister of the Caribbean nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis indicated the country may adopt Bitcoin Cash (BCH) as legal tender.

      Venezuela is a likely candidate as over 10% of its population owns cryptocurrency while its current year-over-year inflation rate stands roughly around 155%. Bitcoin would be regarded as a more stable currency for Venezuelans.

      Paraguay is a possibility as Carlitos Rejala, a member of Paraguay’s Chamber of Deputies has proposed a bill to have Bitcoin as legal tender in the country. Whether the bill is passed is up for debate, but Rejala has indicated he is willing to run for President which would accelerate the possibility.

      3) Regulatory Battles

      With the fall of FTX, the Ontario Teacher’s Pension Plan wrote down its stake to zero, taking a US$95 million loss barely a year after initially investing in the company. The loss has a limited impact due to the size of the fund ($242.5 billion) but these losses catch the attention of regulators and politicians. 

      We saw a movement towards further oversight in December in Canada and we will likely see more. The Canadian Securities Administration announced that it will require all crypto exchanges seeking registration to sign undertakings before they are formally under regulatory watch.

      This will take time as the wheels of government take a strong push to move, especially in an industry as complex and new as cryptocurrencies. Will 2023 be the year that regulators finally reach their limit?

      4) Rebuilding Trust

      Not only in crypto, but in many other industries like tech, rising interest rates, high inflation and a looming recession has forced many businesses to cut costs and cut them quickly. Years of zero interest rates will do that to an economy, where founders, venture capitalists and angel investors were flooded with cash and invested in any startup with a pulse.

      The crypto industry in 2023 will have to rebuild and regroup. Over-leveraged firms and poor exposure to bad counterparties will not be tolerated in crypto anymore. New firms that come into the space will have to demonstrate integrity, trust and positive cash flows in order for the industry to rise again.

      5) The Rise of Self-Custody

      Trust is at an all-time low in exchanges, which inevitably will lead to a rise in users holding their crypto in self-custody wallets. When trust is low, incumbents will consolidate, pushing investors to obtain crypto from financially stable institutions and place them in self-custody, which ultimately lowers the risk of default for many retail investors.

      If you do not own the keys, do you really own your Bitcoin?

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      Cryptocurrency and taxes in canada is a complicated subject

      Simplifying Cryptocurrency and Taxes in Canada

      Is Crypto Taxed in Canada?

      The short answer, Yes. The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) is quite transparent about the fact that crypto is subject to income tax.

      It is important to note here that crypto is considered a commodity by the CRA and not cash. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are also not recognized by traditional banks and brokerages as legitimate currencies. This will be useful as you read through the guide.

      As crypto is a relatively new commodity, tax implications have and continue to evolve. The CRA has a full guide for cryptocurrency users and tax professionals. That being said, crypto and tax are complicated subjects and we would advise speaking to a tax professional for further questions and information.

      When Do You Owe Taxes on Crypto?

      From a high-level perspective, you owe taxes when disposing of your crypto. Examples can include:

      • Selling or trading it
      • Giving it as a gift
      • Converting it to government-issued currency, such as Canadian dollars
      • Using it to buy goods or services

      Other types of tax implications involving crypto include:

      • Mining cryptocurrency
      • Being paid by your employer in cryptocurrency
      • Staking crypto in Proof-of-Stake currencies

      Because cryptocurrency is considered a commodity, simply buying and storing the crypto in a wallet will not trigger a taxable offense.

      Most people will pay tax on cryptocurrency gains from the disposition of crypto assets. When filing your income tax return, you will need to know how to value your cryptocurrencies. Valuing the crypto depends on whether it was used as capital property or inventory. The CRA has more detailed information on the difference between the two.

      Transferring crypto is tax-free. (Source:

      Types of Taxes That Apply

      • Business Income

      Generally, if disposing of cryptocurrency is part of a business, the profits you make on the disposition or sale are considered business income and not a capital gain. Buying a cryptocurrency with the intention of selling it for a profit may be treated as business income.

      • Capital Gains

      If the sale of a cryptocurrency is not for carrying on a business, and the amount it sells for is more than the original purchase price or its adjusted cost base, then the taxpayer has a capital gain.

      • Goods and Services

      Where a taxable property or service is exchanged for cryptocurrency, the GST/HST that applies to the property or service is calculated based on the fair market value of the cryptocurrency at the time of the exchange.


      How To Calculate and Report Crypto On Your Taxes?

      It is very important to keep track of all financial records of your activities relating to your cryptocurrency. This information is vitally important when filing your tax returns for the 2022 fiscal year.

      Keeping full records of all crypto-related activities is absolutely necessary when filing tax returns.

      First and foremost, you should figure out whether your cryptocurrency earnings are capital gains or business income.

      Making profits while trading cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin or Ethereum is considered a capital gain, much in the same respect of stocks and gold.

      What does this look like? We’ll outline an example scenario below:

      Johnny purchases 1 Bitcoin, which at the time was valued at $2,000. He then decides to hold onto it for two years, during which the value of 1 Bitcoin comes to $5,000. Johnny decides to convert his lone Bitcoin into Canadian dollars.

      The difference in value when Johnny bought and sold is:

      $5,000 – 2,000 = 3,000

      Johnny has earned $3,000 from his cryptocurrency trading activity. His earnings are due to capital gains and thus he is taxable on 50% of the value, or $1,500.

      If Johnny had earned his 1 Bitcoin by mining, it would be a different scenario and actually be considered as business income. The CRA considers 100% of the amount you make from mining crypto for tax purposes and must be reported on your returns using a T2125 form.

      Avoiding Tax on Crypto

      You cannot outright avoid all taxes, but there are ways to reduce your tax bill. This may seem obvious, but at the moment you cannot directly invest in cryptocurrency through a Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) or a Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA).

      BUT, you can buy into an Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF) that invests in Bitcoin through a brokerage in these registered accounts.

      The gains on crypto ETFs in your RRSP are not taxed, provided you do not convert them to cash and withdraw the money. For TFSAs, your gains from crypto ETFs are not subject to tax on withdrawals.

      These crypto ETFs track certain coins and ultimately you would not own the actual coins, but shares in the ETF.

      Donating Crypto to Charity

      Donating crypto is rather interesting because it is viewed as a commodity, not as a currency, which complicates matters. An example of this is detailed below:

      You buy 1 BTC in December 2019 for $5,000. You then donate this BTC to a registered charity in December 2022 when the fair market value of BTC is $20,000.

      According to the CRA, the charity you donate to can only issue a $5,000 receipt for your donation and your donation is a disposition. You’ll need to pay Capital Gains Tax on the difference in value, so $15,000.

      Can The CRA Track My Crypto?

      Part of the essence of cryptocurrency is its anonymity. It’s almost 2023 and we still do not know the identity(s) of Satoshi Nakamoto, the founder and creator of Bitcoin. It is along these same lines that it may seem that the CRA will not find out if someone does not report their earnings or dispositions.

      The reality is, the CRA is very capable of tracking your income and finding out if you did not report all your income through audits and investigations.

      The consequence of failing to report any instance where crypto is taxable is the same with Canadian dollars: tax evasion. This should be avoided at all costs and it is wise to report your earnings as accurately and honestly as possible.

      Bitcoin Taxation in Canada Still Evolving

      It is important to understand that cryptocurrency is still a relatively new innovation for investors. The CRA does provide a detailed guide on the tax obligations associated with crypto.

      An area that could receive some attention is the possibility that a single Bitcoin transaction can include thousands of sub-transactions inside it. The idea of keeping track of thousands of transactions seems rather daunting for a single individual. Possibly there may be a solution to this in the future.

      Another example is the lack of consistency in accounting methods for Canadian crypto businesses, whether they use the First In First Out or Weighted Average methods.

      That said, the CRA is continuing to develop and correctly detail taxable instances for crypto.

      While much of the phrasing used by the CRA may not correctly correspond to the phrasing used in the cryptocurrency space, it is evolving and becoming easier to understand and apply than in prior years.

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      not your keys, not your coins

      The Meaning Behind Not Your Keys, Not Your Coins

      In the aftermath of the collapse of FTX, a cryptocurrency exchange led by Sam Bankman-Fried, who saw his net worth plunge from $16 billion to $100,000 in a week, a single phrase continued to be uttered online:

      “Not your keys, not your coins.”

      At the time of the collapse in November 2022, FTX was the third-largest cryptocurrency exchange by trading volume. Presently, the total amount of customer funds that have vanished from the crypto exchange has varied between USD $1 billion and $2 billion.

      There has been a difference in views of the situation, where the New York Times has touted the collapse as a result of mismanagement or as CoinDesk puts it bluntly, it was a variety of “conscious and intentional fraud intended to steal money from both users and investors.”

      Regardless of how FTX’s collapse happened, this is where the phrase, “Not your keys, not your coins” becomes important for crypto users, investors and advocates alike.

      Not Your Keys Not Your Coins Meaning

      How Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency is transferred from one individual to another is through the distributed ledger (blockchain). A wallet does not actually store one’s cryptocurrency, as opposed to a physical wallet that can hold credit cards and cash.

      A wallet is a device or a physical medium where one can securely keep their cryptocurrency. Once purchasing a wallet, it in fact comes with two keys: a public and a private key. They are both necessary and perform different functions.

      A ‘public’ key is used to send cryptocurrency into a wallet. The public key can be viewed as crypto’s version of a checking account number and routing number for direct deposits. This is information that can be public but does not allow an individual to withdraw or log into your accounts.

      To note, a public key and a wallet address are not the same. If you want to send Bitcoin to your friend, you would need their address, which consists of 25 to 40 alphanumeric characters. A wallet address is the final part of a public key.

      A ‘private’ key is only meant for the owner of the wallet. Private keys are numerical codes but to make things easier for the end-user, wallet providers can encode your private keys. A common example is through a “seed phrase.” A seed phrase is a series of random words that can be used to unlock funds from a wallet. The private key is hidden behind this series of words. 

      We would recommend writing down your numerical code or seed phrase on a piece of paper. This may sound old-school but paper is not susceptible to a cyber attack. 

      Read HoneyBadger’s guide on How to Set Up a Bitcoin Wallet.

      So as the saying goes, if you do not have the keys do you really own the coins?

      Bitcoin was founded entirely on the principle of a peer-to-peer electronic cash system without the need for a trusted third party. Bitcoin and a large portion of the cryptocurrency space tout the idea of a decentralized network. With this notion in mind, does it really make sense to hand over control of your wallet and funds to a third party like Binance, Coinbase or even FTX?

      Not owning one’s own keys goes entirely against the ethos that Bitcoin and cryptocurrency were founded on.

      The phrase was first touted by Andreas Antonopoulos, a technologist and serial entrepreneur at a Bloktex event in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in 2017.

      Loss of Control

      By holding cryptocurrency on an exchange, the risk is entirely placed on the security and trust of the company operating the exchange.

      This may seem strange, as you do have to log in to your account on your favourite exchange to view your coins. Seemingly it looks like you own the assets and you are in control, but this is far from the truth.

      The exchange owns the private keys and places limits on how much cryptocurrency you can buy and sell. The exchange can even pause all transactions for a variety of reasons, the most common being site maintenance. What happens when you are unable to access your account during periods of market volatility? This will impact your potential returns.

      A wallet on a centralized exchange does not truly belong to the account holder.

      There have been dozens of exchange defaults since Bitcoin’s inception in 2009.

      Crypto is not immune to hacks or exchange defaults as we discussed earlier with FTX. Mt. Gox was a bitcoin exchange based out of Tokyo that was handling over 70% of all bitcoin transactions worldwide. It abruptly ceased operations due to theft in 2014.

      Canada experienced its own share of exchange defaults. For example, QuadrigaCX filed for bankruptcy after its founder, Gerald Cotten had died and supposedly was the only employee with access to the exchange’s private keys.

      Trust is placed entirely on the exchange and as you may or may not know, most companies do not last as long as you will. You are safer to bet on yourself than on an exchange.

      How To Gain Control

      If you have made it this far, and believe in the saying, “Not your keys, not your coins,” you may want to purchase a wallet. You can find a variety of dedicated wallets here, which come in four distinct forms:

      • Mobile Wallets

      Wallets that run on your mobile device.

      • Desktop Wallets

      Wallets that run on your computer

      • Hardware Wallets

      These are physical devices that hold your private keys offline. They can look similar to a USB stick.

      • Lightning Wallets

      Wallets that are native to the Lightning Network

      Some types of wallets allow you to purchase cryptocurrency through them, such as Ledger, but in most cases, you would have to purchase the coins from centralized exchanges, like Binance and Coinbase, then transfer them to a wallet where you are the sole custodian.

      Holding your Bitcoin and your own keys alleviates yourself from any exchange default risk.

      Why HoneyBadger Believes in Owning Your Own Keys

      First and foremost, HoneyBadger’s business model is non-custodial. Any crypto our customers buy at our kiosks or online is sent and stored securely in their own wallets. They control their own assets and we have no access to them.

      All of our transactions are instant and we encourage our customers to follow the mantra, “Not your keys, not your coins.”

      Once our customers buy it, they own it. We believe in financial freedom and making cryptocurrency accessible to all Canadians.

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      bitcoin vs gold which is better?
      Buying Crypto

      Bitcoin vs Gold: Which Is Better?

      When it comes to deciding where to invest your money, the bitcoin vs gold debate comes up again and again.

      I am 27 years old and my parents are 69 years old. They are from the Baby Boomer generation and I am a Millennial. There is a MASSIVE generational gap between us in terms of technology. Frankly, it is hard for me to imagine showing up to work without access to a computer!

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      honeybadger cryptocurrency atm network logo

      HoneyBadger Comment on FTX / Alameda

      We are writing this post in regards to the recent news about Alameda / FTX. HoneyBadger assures its customers that we have no relation to FTX whatsoever. 

      This is because of HoneyBadger’s non-custodial business model. We do not store assets on behalf of our customers unless requested to do so. Any crypto you buy at our kiosks or online is sent and stored securely in our customers’ own wallets. They control their own assets and we have no access to it.

      This serves as an opportunity to highlight the benefits of buying cryptocurrency from us rather than through an exchange. You buy coins from us and we send them to you. Simple.

      All transactions completed with HoneyBadger are instant and we never leverage customer assets since we do not hold any. We assure you that any assets you buy from us will be readily available to you whenever you need them.

      HoneyBadger firmly believes in the saying, “not your wallet, not your coins”. The company started in 2016 with one mission, to make cryptocurrency accessible to all Canadians. Once our customers buy it, they own it. 

      If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to contact us.

      FINTRAC Money Services Business registration: click here.






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      bitcoin for dummies

      Bitcoin for Dummies

      Bitcoin can be confusing, largely because it is different from typical money and investments. In this Bitcoin for Dummies guide we break down the key things that you should know to trade safely.

      What Is Bitcoin?

      Bitcoin is a form of digital currency or cryptocurrency. It was created in the aftermath of the financial crisis in 2009. Its value fluctuates in the same manner that a public company’s stock price does.

      While it isn’t the first cryptocurrency, it is the first decentralized crypto to reach widespread adoption and success. It remains the most valuable and popular crypto today.

      The price tends to fluctuate more than the general market and, because it is traded 24/7, it is not subject to market opens and closes.

      How Does Bitcoin Work?

      Bitcoin is known as a decentralized currency with no central authority. In contrast, fiat currency, such as the US dollar or Euro, are controlled by the Federal Reserve and European Central Bank, respectively.

      Cryptocurrencies utilize a blockchain, or a shared public ledger, to record and confirm all transactions between parties. Crypto is known as a peer-to-peer transaction network and can perform settlements between one party and another, or from one party to multiple other parties, at once.

      If you remember torrenting music a few years ago, the blockchain works in a similar way. All transactions are confirmed by the computers, or “nodes,” on the network and ensure that all parties have the appropriate balance. To confirm a settlement, a majority of nodes must agree that the transaction is valid.

      blockchain technology
      Blockchain technology: a vast network of nodes. (Photo via Medium).

      Parties complete transactions and store assets via digital wallets, which contain a private key that only the owner knows. These keys are used to sign transactions, providing a mathematical proof that the owner has given their authorization.

      How Are Bitcoins Created?

      Bitcoins are rewarded to computers that exert computational power to solve extremely complex mathematical functions. The difficulty of these functions increases over time as the supply decreases until all coins have been released.

      Setting up a computer to solve these equations can be quite costly, especially in terms of the electricity. The act of generating new coins is called mining. In 2009, when the first coins were issued, it did not take much computational power to mine. Now, it may take years for a high-powered computer to be rewarded with a single Bitcoin.

      It is set within the code that only 21 million coins will be created. It is estimated that the last one will be issued around the year 2140. The fixed supply is part of the general attraction, as opposed to USD.

      A Bitcoin mine in Quebec, Canada. (Image via Christinne Muschi / Alamy).

      Why Do People Want Bitcoin?

      There are a few reasons why people want Bitcoin. It is not controlled by governments or banks, rather it is supported by a network of computers, which are composed of thousands of separate parties.

      Those that hold and transact cryptocurrency can also do so anonymously. While transactions are recorded on a public ledger, the owners behind the wallet addresses are unknown unless you release that information.

      Bitcoin’s value has also skyrocketed since its creation, surpassing the return with general markets like the S&P 500, bonds, Gold and in some cases, real estate.

      Price of Bitcoin in CAD since its creation in 2009
      Price of Bitcoin in CAD since its creation in 2009. (Source: Yahoo! Finance).

      Why Does Bitcoin Have Value?

      There are many things other than money that hold a fluctuating value like gold, diamonds and oil. The Micronesian Yap Islands once used large stones called rai as currency!

      As long as another person is willing to exchange Bitcoin for goods or services, Bitcoin will hold value.

      How Do I Get Bitcoin?

      For starters, you can get Bitcoin here at HoneyBadger! You can purchase it via e-transfer, at one of our ATM locations or over the counter with a dedicated human account manager for large-volume trades.

      You can also purchase Bitcoin from us on the exchange, then transfer it to your digital wallet to hold. If you do not have a digital wallet, we can hold your coins in our custodial wallet until you are ready for us to transfer it to you.

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      Who is Bitcoin's founder? Is this Satoshi Nakamoto

      Who is Bitcoin’s Founder, Satoshi Nakamoto?

      The Bitcoin Whitepaper

      In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, a thesis paper was published on on October 31, 2008. The paper focused on an electronic cash payment system without the need for a financial institution. The paper titled ‘Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System’ by Satoshi Nakamoto was a mere nine pages long but exceptionally detailed for a thesis paper.

      Bitcoin whitepaper written by Satoshi Nakamoto
      The nine-page Bitcoin whitepaper written by Satoshi Nakamoto (Source:

      At a time when faith in the banking industry was at its depths, an idea for a transaction system was born “without relying on trust” as Satoshi stated.

      First Bitcoin Transaction

      Bitcoin’s Genesis Block was mined on January 3, 2009. A genesis block is the first block mined in a blockchain. Nine days later, the first Bitcoin transaction occurred at block 170 between Satoshi and Hal Finney.

      Hal Finney was an American software developer and a strong advocate for cryptography.

      Hal Finney with his wife, Fran Finney
      Hal Finney with his wife, Fran Finney. (Source:

      A month later, Satoshi posted the software to Bitcoin and his design paper on the P2P Foundation forum.

      “I’ve developed a new open source P2P e-cash system called Bitcoin. It’s completely decentralized, with no central server or trusted parties, because everything is based on crypto proof instead of trust. Give it a try, or take a look at the screenshots and design paper.”

      Satoshi introducing Bitcoin on the P2P Foundation forum in 2009 (Source:

      Satoshi Nakamoto

      The identity of Satoshi Nakamoto is still unknown. The name is a pseudonym and whether Satoshi was an individual or a group of individuals is not known.

      The name Nakamoto is of Japanese origin and Satoshi’s forum profile claims they are from Japan, however, the whitepaper, along with forum posts on P2P Foundation, was written in fluent English. This suggests that the individual(s) is not likely to be Japanese but from an English speaking country.

      In the first year of Bitcoin’s existence, Satoshi mined as much as 1.1 million Bitcoin, currently worth roughly CAD $29.5 billion at the time of this publication.

      It has been over 11 years since Satoshi sent his final message on the forum. Satoshi urged WikiLeaks to not use Bitcoin to raise funds after major payment processors blocked donations to the organization.

      The next day on December 12, 2010, Satoshi wrote, “There’s more work to do on DoS…,” specifically referring to potential denial-of-service attacks on the Bitcoin software.

      In early 2011, Satoshi kept in communication with some of the initial users of Bitcoin via email. Former senior software engineer at Google, Mike Hearn asked Satoshi if he had planned on rejoining the blockchain community.

      Satoshi replied to Hearn, “I’ve moved on to other things. It’s in good hands with Gavin and everyone.” Satoshi was referring to Gavin Andresen, an American software developer.

      After sending their final message, Satoshi Nakamoto disappeared and their anonymity has remained intact to this day.

      Who is bitcoin's founder Satoshi Nakamoto
      A bronze statue paying tribute to Satoshi Nakamoto in Budapest, Hungary (Source: @Quicktake/Twitter)

      The Hunt for Satoshi Nakamoto

      In 2014, a man by the name of Dorian Satoshi Nakamoto surfaced. He is a Californian engineer who supposedly had never heard of Bitcoin until his son mentioned it to him. He has continuously denied the allegations that he is the creator of Bitcoin. It is likely that if Satoshi wanted to remain anonymous, they would have used a pseudonym, not their actual name.

      On the other hand, Australian computer scientist Craig Wright has consistently claimed that he is Satoshi Nakamoto. Wright has even pursued legal actions revolving around his claims of founding the world’s largest cryptocurrency. Specifically he filed a copyright claim on the Bitcoin whitepaper and initial code.

      Alleged Satoshi Nakamoto, Craig Wright
      Alleged Satoshi Nakamoto, Craig Wright (Source:

      Nick Szabo has been linked to Satoshi Nakamoto since 2015. Szabo is a computer engineer, legal scholar and cryptographer.

      He is known for his work on smart contracts and the founding of bit gold. Bit gold is perceived as the precursor to Bitcoin. Szabo has continuously denied being Satoshi.

      Hal Finney may seem like an easy target, as he received the first Bitcoin transaction in 2009 from Satoshi Nakamoto. Finney was also one of the first to work on Bitcoin’s open-source code and coincidentally had lived in the same town as Dorian Nakamoto. That being said, Finney has shown evidence against being Satoshi through his Bitcoin wallet’s history and email correspondence with Satoshi. Finney passed away in 2014 from ALS.

      Will Satoshi Resurface?

      Given the market value of Bitcoin and its widespread adoption, Satoshi has certainly done a phenomenal job at concealing their identity. We may never know who is Bitcoin’s founder.

      Part of the reason that makes Bitcoin so attractive to other cryptocurrencies and other forms of assets is its decentralized nature. Uncovering who may be the founder could likely lead to the decline of the cryptocurrency and the underlying philosophy of its origins as a peer-to-peer transaction system in the absence of any intermediary.

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      Best Way to Buy Bitcoin in Canada
      Buying Crypto, Education, Finance

      What is the Best Way to Buy Bitcoin in Canada?

      There are a lot of options when it comes to investing in cryptocurrency, but what is the best way to buy Bitcoin in Canada?

      The good news is there are plenty of methods to choose from so there is something for everyone. Below we have outlined the pros and cons of 10 different ways to purchase crypto. We have also given each one a score out of five for the following categories: convenience, security, and value.

      Read on to find out the best way to buy Bitcoin in Canada for you.

      How can I buy Bitcoin in Canada?

      The good thing about living in a relatively crypto-friendly country like Canada is there are lots of options to exchange fiat currency for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies like Litecoin and Ethereum.

      The first decision you have to make is whether you want to trade online or in person at a physical location. That’s right, you can actually swap cold hard cash for cryptocurrency!

      The next step is to choose a payment method. In a short space of time, trading platforms have expanded their ways to pay exponentially. While it may seem intimidating at first, don’t fear! We have compiled some of the most popular options out there to help you make up your mind.

      Crypto gift cards

      Crypto gift cards just like any gift card you might buy at a normal retail store. The main difference is you can’t buy goods and services with it. Instead, you can send someone a digital gift card with crypto assets from your own wallet or by buying a certain amount with fiat currency.


      • Potential to increase in value: A crypto gift card is essentially a hot wallet, meaning it holds a certain amount of crypto on it. This means the value could increase if you hodl it.
      • Great gift idea: Whether you are looking for a present for a Bitcoin maximalist or someone who knows next to nothing about crypto, a gift card is a fun and easy gift idea. The recipient doesn’t even need a bank account. All they need is a crypto wallet.


      • Lack of flexibility: Once you buy a gift card using fiat, you lock in your chosen coin. If the recipient is more into altcoins, for example, you’d probably be better off just sending them some cash.
      • Not secure: If a gift card gets lost in the mail, there’s not much you can do to retrieve your coins. Similarly, if it gets stolen, someone could easily extract the value for themselves. This is a lot riskier than simply sending it from your wallet.

      Convenience: 3/5

      Security: 1/5

      Value: 3/5

      Bitcoin ATM

      Bitcoin ATMs, also known as Bitcoin kiosks or BTMs, enable you to exchange cash for BTC, Litecoin, Ethereum, or other cryptocurrencies in person. Although they are different from the machines you would find at a traditional bank, just like an ATM, you can deposit or withdraw cash. The main difference is you buy cryptocurrency when you deposit cash and you sell it when you make a withdrawal.

      Bitcoin ATMs are a great option because they save a lot of the hassle of going through lengthy online sign up processes and they are one of the easiest methods to use.


      • Simple to use: It doesn’t get much easier than inserting cash into a machine and instantly buying your cryptocurrency of choice. All you need is cash, a phone, and a digital wallet. This makes it a great way to explore the market without the hassle of creating an account with an online exchange.
      • Direct: There is no middleman at all if you buy from an ATM. It’s a direct transaction so there’s no waiting for funds to arrive from your bank or for an online exchange to approve your transaction.
      • Secure: Bitcoin ATM providers are regulated by FINTRAC. If you are unsure about whether the machine you are using is legit, you can search for the name of the company on FINTRAC’s registry for peace of mind your transaction will be secure.


      • Must have cash: If you don’t happen to have cash on you, there are not a lot of options out there to buy at a machine. Fortunately, there are ways you can still transact without cash, such as via Interac® e-transfer.
      • Fees: one of the drawbacks of machines is that trading fees are usually higher than online exchanges. Of course this all depends on your personal preference and plenty of people prefer to use Bitcoin ATMs for the convenience and ease of use.

      Convenience: 5/5

      Security: 5/5

      Value: 3/5

      OTC Desk Locations

      OTC, or over-the-counter, involves buying cryptocurrency via a broker, either in person or virtually. This option is ideal for investors looking for a personalized service.You speak directly to an account manager who provides advice and handles the trade for you.

      The downside is you usually have to spend a certain amount to qualify, however, using private exchange services makes sense for large volume trades. 


      • Personalized service: Having someone else place a trade on your behalf removes a lot of the stress involved in buying Bitcoin.
      • Expert advice: OTC brokers usually have experience when it comes to making trades. If you’re new to the world of cryptocurrency, expert advice can help maximize your investment.


      • Fees: At the end of the day, you are paying for a service with OTC, and this is reflected in the slightly higher fees you pay.
      • Large volume: OTC is designed for people with large sums to invest in Bitcoin, meaning it is not suitable for the average customer.

      Convenience: 5/5

      Security: 5/5

      Value: 3/5

      Purchase Bitcoin direct from a seller

      There are forums and posts on sites like Facebook Marketplace, Reddit, and Craigslist (That’s right! Remember Craigslist?) as well as niche sites where people will literally sell you Bitcoin. Of course, there are risks involved because you’re essentially buying from a stranger.

      It is possible to find cheaper rates, but this method is more labour intensive than other alternatives. When you buy from a reputable company, you do not need to scour multiple websites for a cheaper deal, customers know exactly what to expect every time.


      • Bargain deals: People who buy crypto this way are usually looking to squeeze every satoshi they can out of a deal. It is possible to find some great rates, especially if you find a motivated seller.


      • Risky: Buyers take on a lot of risk when they buy directly from a seller online. Often there is no way of knowing if the seller will deliver what they promise.
      • Time consuming: Searching through page after page to find the best deal consumes a lot of time and effort.

      Convenience: 1/5

      Security: 1/5

      Value: 3/5

      INTERAC® e-Transfer

      INTERAC® e-Transfer is arguably the best way to buy Bitcoin in Canada. It is as easy as sending money to a friend, it takes just a few minutes, and the fees are relatively low. Transactions are secure when you buy Bitcoin via e-Transfer from a reputable company and service is convenient and fast.

      The sign up process is much shorter for e-transfer than it is for online crypto exchanges like Newton or Shakepay, which can take hours or even days to go through. Similarly, you don’t have to wait what seems like an age for a bank wire transfer to fund your account.


      • Fast: Transactions are usually seamless and completed in a matter of minutes.
      • Secure: So long as you are buying from a trusted source, you can rely on the proven INTERAC® e-Transfer infrastructure, so you know your funds will be safe.
      • Simple: All you need to get started for transactions below $1,000 is a phone number and there are no extra hoops you have to jump through like there are for online exchanges.


      • Limited transaction size: A downside to using e-Transfer is your bank will usually limit the amount you can send in one day. So long as you only plan to purchase Bitcoin below a few thousand Canadian dollars in value, however, this option is perfectly suitable.

      Convenience: 5/5

      Security: 5/5

      Value: 3/5


      Buying digital currencies with a debit card is a simple way to join the cryptocurrency world. It works just like making a standard purchase online. All you need to do is pick a trustworthy trading platform, sign up for an account and enter your card details.

      The downside of debit transactions is that not all banks allow it and some operators will flag crypto purchases as fraudulent. This can lead to long, frustrating delays.


      • Fast: Most exchanges can process transactions quickly.
      • Simple: The sign up process usually takes a few minutes, unlike online exchanges.


      • Bank restrictions: Banks can sometimes get involved and prevent purchases from going through

      Convenience: 3/5

      Security: 5/5

      Value: 3/5


      You should tread carefully when buying crypto with a credit card. Customers should avoid making speculative purchases and only spend what they know they can pay back comfortably.

      One of the key drawbacks of using a credit card is the fees. Banks usually charge more for purchases of cryptocurrency on credit because of the inherent risk the borrower might not be able to pay it back.

      Having said that, if you’re responsible and know what you’re doing, buying Bitcoin with a credit card is as equally straightforward as using a debit card.


      • Convenient: Just like debit transactions, the process is usually fast and simple.


      • Fees: There are cheaper options out there that are just as fast and convenient.

      Convenience: 3/5

      Security: 5/5

      Value: 1/5

      Bank wire transfer

      If the fees involved with using a credit card put you off and you have some time on your hands, bank wire transfers are a cheaper alternative. There are usually no bank fees involved in transferring money to fund your crypto account, however, whether you run into problems with your bank is another question.

      Bank transfers can take days to go through, especially if you are a first time buyer. This can be annoying to say the least, especially if you miss out on an opportunity with a Bitcoin price fluctuation, for example.


      • Free: Bank transfers to fund your account usually cost nothing.


      • Time: Wires sometimes take a day or two to go through.

      Convenience: 1/5

      Security: 5/5

      Value: 3/5


      Some mobile apps, such as Wealth Simple, offer Bitcoin investment options. The apps are usually user-friendly and if you are familiar with how they work, funding your account is simple enough.

      It is important to exercise caution when choosing which app to go with. Make sure the app allows you to send BTC to your crypto wallet. Some providers only allow you to keep funds in their custody wallet, meaning you do not have total control over your crypto asset.


      • User-friendly: If you’re new to crypto, the apps will help to guide you through the whole process.


      • Lack of control: Some apps only allow you to keep funds in their custody wallet.

      Convenience: 2/5

      Security: 3/5

      Value: 3/5

      Online exchanges

      If you have looked into buying cryptocurrency at all you are bound to have come across online exchanges like Binance, Coinbase, and Kraken. These trading platforms are usually good for beginners and offer a wide range of altcoins in addition to the more established cryptocurrencies.

      While they are a lot of people’s first step into the crypto universe, many people soon start looking for alternatives. Users are put off by lengthy sign up processes, privacy concerns, and poor customer service.


      • Guidance: Most sign-up processes, while lengthy, are well designed and walk the user through step-by-step.


      • Slow: If you are using an exchange for the first time, it can take a long time to get your account approved and funded.
      • Invasive: Some online exchanges require you to surrender a lot of information before you can start trading.

      Convenience: 3/5

      Security: 3/5

      Value: 3/5


      There is no shortage of methods you can use to buy Bitcoin. INTERAC® e-Transfer is the best way to buy Bitcoin in Canada from an overall perspective. It scored highest in our ratings and is generally fast, secure, and good value.

      The ultimate deciding factor in what defines “best”, however, is you. That is the great thing about cryptocurrency today: with more ways to buy than ever before there is bound to be an option that fits your needs and level of knowledge.

      Click here to buy using INTERAC® e-Transfer

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